terça-feira, 23 de agosto de 2011


There are some structures that you must study and know how to use them.
Do you know the definition of these terms?

NOUN                       -           It is the word that gives name to a thing or person.

VERB                        -           It is the word that gives the action of a sentence.

ADJECTIVE              -           It is the word that gives characteristics to someone or

ADVERB                  -           It is the word that gives characteristics to verbs,
adjectives or adverbs themselves.    

  1. The day is beautiful.

  1. I’m tired.

  1. I bought a new car.

  1. She speaks well.

  1. The sun shines beautifully.

A - Let’s remember some points about the adverbs:

There are lots of kinds of adverbs that express different ideas such as TIME, PLACE, MANNER, FREQUENCY,  etc.

Some adjectives are changed to adverbs (normally of manner), adding –LY.

            beautiful         -           beautifully
            sad                  -           sadly
            sudden                        -           suddenly

Pay attention:

1 - Some words finish in “–LY”  but they are adjectives, not adverbs:

friendly              ugly                  lovely                      silly                    lonely

2 – Some words can be adjectives or adverbs:
Daily                           monthly                                  early
3 – Some words have the same form when they are adjectives or adverbs:

fast                             I run fast.                               He has a fast car.       
hard                           I am studying hard.                 The test is hard.                                 
 fine                           I’m fine, thanks.                      That is a fine work of art.
 free                           You can eat free here.             The drinks were free.            
high                           I can jump high.                       That’s a high mountain.                     
 late                           He arrived late again.                I am late again.                                   
low                           She speaks low.                        The temperature is very low.
Straight                    Go straight until there.                 This is a straight line.

                                   Attention:                   hardly             -           almost not
                                                                       freely              -           without limit
                                                                       highly              -           very much
                                                                       lately               -           recently

B – The position of the adverbs in a sentence is very important.

            1 - Where is the safest place to put the adverb in a sentence?
            2 - Where do you put it with the verb to be?
            3 - Where do you put it with modal verbs like can, will and should?

We have some rules of position of the adverbs in a sentence.

a)      in the beginning of the sentence:

Yesterday I went to a party.
Sometimes I go to the supermarket with her.

b)      at the end of the sentence:

I went to a party yesterday.
He spoke calmly.

c)      in the middle of the sentence:

I usually go to parties on Saturdays.
I am usually at home on Fridays.
I will always think about those days.

Attention: In this case you have to pay attention because we use the adverb after the verb to be. When we use it with other verbs it comes before them. If there is an auxiliary verb, the adverb comes in between.

It is important to know that some adverbs cannot be used in all positions. The most part of them can stay at the end or in the middle. But there are some exceptions:

1 – Adverbs of indefinite frequency (sometimes, once in a while, generally, occasionally, often) stay in the middle of the sentence. Sometimes and Occasionally can also be used in the beginning of the sentence.

            Sometimes I wake up in the middle of the night.
            I sometimes wake up in the middle of the night.
            We never stay home at weekends.

2 – Adverbs of definite frequency (every day, every week, every other day, daily, monthly) normally come at the end of the sentence.

            We see her every day.
            The newspaper comes daily.

3 – Adverbs of manner, when evaluate how much well something is done, stay at the end of the sentence.

            He writes well.
            They sing beautifully.

4 – Adverbs of manner that say how something is done, can be put in the middle or at the end of the sentence.

            He sang a song happily.
            He was happily singing a song.



1 - Use one adverb in the sentences below. If there is more than one way of put it in the sentence, write all the possibilities.

a)      We visit the Waltons.

b)      The Waltons are at home.

c)      We were working.

d)     The father went to the cinema.

e)      The woman takes the bus.

2 - Study these sentences and decide if the position of the adverb is right or wrong.

f)       Seldom she uses a monolingual dictionary.
g)      Occasionally, we read English magazines.
h)      He seldom watches films in English.
i)        Always she comes to c1ass late.
j)        He sometimes is late.
k)      He checks his spelling never.
l)        He gives us often homework.
m)    We rarely write in English.
n)      We study usually English in the evening.
o)      They go always to the cinema on Fridays.
p)      Do you speak often English?
q)      They are never on time.
r)       We always should help.
      s)   They can sometimes watch English films.

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