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terça-feira, 30 de agosto de 2011

SIMPLE PAST TENSE - REGULAR AND IRREGULAR VERBS - PART 2




IRREGULAR VERBS
Verbos Irregulares:
Quando falamos dos verbos irregulares, como o próprio nome diz, eles não possuem forma regular para formarem o passado, ou seja, cada verbo tem sua própria forma:

Exemplo:

Presente                      Passado

To do                          did
To buy                        bought
To see                         saw

As regras para formar frase no passado com os verbos irregulares são as mesmas dos verbos regulares, ou seja:

Na forma afirmativa usamos o verbo na sua forma no passado.

Exemplo:

Mary bought a  car  yesterday.

Na forma negativa usamos o auxiliar DID. Lembre-se que neste caso o verbo voltará a sua forma original.

Exemplo: Mary didn't buy a car yesterday.

Na forma interrogativa, novamente teremos que usar o auxiliar DID e o verbo na sua forma original.

Exemplo: Did Mary buy a car yesterday?

Exercícios de fixação:
I - Change the following sentences to the simple past. Remember to replace the time expression:
    (Passe as frase abaixo para o passado simples. Lembre-se de trocar as exporessões de tempo)    
Exemplo:    I do my exercise every day.
                    I did  my  exercise yesterday.

1. She gives some flowers to the teacher every month.
____________________________________________________

2 - They leave the room every time.
____________________________________________________
 
3 - The wind blows hard every night.
____________________________________________________
 
4 - She writes a letter to her mother every week.
____________________________________________________
 
5. He understands everything.
____________________________________________________
 
6. She makes a lot of mistakes in her composition every time:
____________________________________________________


II - Put the following sentences in the negative form:

1. My son played with his friends in the yard this morning
____________________________________________________
 
2. My daughter did her homework last night.
____________________________________________________
 
3. He got the train at this station yesterday.
____________________________________________________
 
III - Change the following sentences to the interrogative form:

1 - I missed the train.
____________________________________________________
 
2 - You went to New York last year.
____________________________________________________
 
3 - We lost our money yesterday morning.
____________________________________________________
 
4 - They used their intelligence to solve the problem last c1ass.
____________________________________________________
 
IV - Change to negative and interrogative form:

1. John had a pain last Saturday.
Neg.: __________________________________________________
Int.:   ___________________________________________________

3. The students organized the books in the library last week.
Neg.: __________________________________________________
Int.:   ___________________________________________________

 
4. Richard and Lisa went to the theater last Sunday.
Neg.: __________________________________________________
Int.:   ___________________________________________________

 
5. Debbie lied about her intentions last party.
Neg.: __________________________________________________
Int.:   ___________________________________________________

 
6. He did his lessons quickly yesterday afternoon.
Neg.: __________________________________________________
Int.:   ___________________________________________________

 
7. Jane wore too much lipstick in her party last Friday.
Neg.: __________________________________________________
Int.:   ___________________________________________________

 
8. I bought many good CD's last month.
Neg.: __________________________________________________
Int.:   ___________________________________________________

 
V) COMPLETE THE PHRASES WITH THE VERBS IN THE SIMPLE PAST (Complete as frases com os verbos no passado simples)

a) Paul _________________ (to get) home at 11 oçlock. Then he _________________ (TO TAKE) a shower. Finally he __________________ (to go) to sleep.

b) Did she ________________ (to buy) a new car? No, she _____________________.

c) When I _____________________ ( to live) in New York, I __________________ (have) many friends.

d) Last year my father _____________________ (to give) me a nice book but I __________________ (to lose) it.

e) Did you ______________________ (to watch) the film last night?

VI) COMPLETE THE SENTENCES WITH THE CORRECT FORM OF THE VERB: (Complete as frases com a forma correta do verbo)

a) Where did the children  ___________________ (to play) soccer last Sunday?
    They  _____________ (to play) in the park.

b) What time did you ______________________ (to get) up this morning?
    I _______________ (to get) up at 8 o’clock.

c) How many photos did paul ____________________ ( to buy)?
    He ____________________ (to buy) twenty-four.

d) When did the teacher __________________ (to go) to school last Friday?
    She _______________ (to go) at 4 o’clock.

e) What did she __________________ (to buy) in the supermarket yesterday?
    She _______________________ (to buy) a  box of cereal.

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