sábado, 2 de julho de 2011

Common Phrasal verbs

Phrasal verb is a verb combined with an adverb or a preposition, or sometimes both, to give a new meaning, for example: go in for, win over and see to.

Phrasal verb
break down
stop working
The bus had broken down
break down
lose control of one´s  emotions
He broke down and cried when he heard the news.
break into
enter illegally
They broke into the house while he was sleeping.
bring up
His grandparents brought him up when his parents divorced.
bring up
mention / raise a topic
I hate to bring up business at lunch.
call back
return a phone call
Mrs. Brown will call you back.
call off
The match was called off because of the weather.
carry on
When I leave just carry on with your work.
come across
find by chance
John came across his report card while cleaning up the attic.
come into
When his grandmother died , he came into a fortune.
cut down on sth
She cut down on the number of cigarettes she smoked.
cut off
to end / disconnect a service (often used in the passive)
The telephone was cut off because they hadn´t paid the bill.
face up to
accept / face a situation, usually unpleasant.
You´ve got to face up to the fact she doesn´t love you anymore.
fall through
when sth that has been organized fails to happen.
The peace negociations fell through over a minor point.
fill in
Could you fill in your date of birth on the form, please?
fill up
make sth full
They filled up the car tank the night before the journey.
find out
discover facts or information
They phoned the station to find out the schedule of the trains.
get across
I couldn´t get across what I wanted to say.
get away with
escape without punishment
Will the politicians get away with the theft?
get by
Even though they don´t have much money they manage to get by.
get down
depress ( no passive )
Mondays get me down.
get on  ( with sb )
have a ( good / bad ) relationship
Since their last row they´ve got on a lot better?
get over
Since I got over my cold I have got lots more energy.
get through
make contact by phone
I´ve tried ringing them all evening but I just got through this morning.
give away
He gave away all his money to the local beggars.
give in
Her father finally gave in and allowed her to go to the disco.
give out
They gave out thousands of leaflets at the demonstration.
give up
stop doing sth
He gave up skiing after he broke his leg.
go off
The bomb went off outside the restaurant.
go on
There´s a terrible noise outside. What
go out
have a romantic relationship
He asked her if she would like to go out. She refused though.
go up
School fees are going up next term.
grow up
to become an adult
While I was growing up we used to live in that house over there.
hold on
Is Julie there?  -Hold on a second, please. I´ll check.
keep on
continue / persist
Why do you keep on bothering me?
keep up
maintain the same level
Can you walk more slowly, please. I just can´t keep up.
let down
He promised to take me to the airport but at the last minute he let me down.
let off
not punish
The judge let him off with a warning because of his age.
live up to
meeting expectations
He spent his whole life failing to live up to his father´s expectations.
look after
take care of
Do you think you could look after the kids while I´m away.
look down on
consider sb else as inferior
People looked down on him because he had once been to prison.
look for
Have you seen my keys? I´ve been looking for them all day long.
look into
The police are looking into the painting´s disappearance.
look up
consult a reference book
I couldn’t find her number so I looked it up in the telephone book.
look up to
admire / respect
She always looked up to her mother because of her kindness and wisdom.
make out
see with difficulty
What does this word say? I can’t make it out.
make up
When he was a little boy he used to make up stories.
pick up
learn (informally)
She picked the language up by working as an au pair.
pick up
Don’t bother to take a taxi, I´ll come and pick you up.
put down
make someone feel inferior through criticism
Why do you always put him down? He´ll never have any self-confidence.
put down
kill an animal to end its suffering
The vet had no choice but to put down the horse.
put off
I’m afraid my mother is coming this weekend so we´ll have to put off our game.
put through
connect on the phone
If you wait a moment, I’ll put you through to her extension.
put up
give (temporary) accommodation
The hotels are overbooked. So can you put me up for the night?
put up with
endure / tolerate
I can’t put up with your complaints anymore, I’m leaving.
run out of
finish / consume
Oh no, we´ve run out of coffee. I’ll go to the shop and get some.
run over
hit with a car / vehicle.
Drive slowly along here it you don’t want to run anyone over.
set off
start on a journey
We loaded the car, got in and set off.
sort out
organise / find a solution
When the computer broke down it took an engineer ages to sort out the problem.
speak up
speak louder
Do you think you could speak up, the line is very bad.
split up
separate (end a relationship)
Have you heard? Gemma and Lionel have split up.
take after
inherit a characteristic
He is so stubborn, he really takes after his father.
take in
Don’t be taken in by her looks.
take off
(plane/rocket/helicopter) leave the ground
The plane took off on time.
take over
gain the control
They took the company over by buying over half the shares.
Take over from sb
I’ll take over from you while you´re away.
take up
begin a new activity
We´re thinking of taking up German in the autumn.
tell off
criticize / scold
His mother told him off for being cruel to the cat.
talk over
He felt better after talking his problem over with his mother.
turn down
She eventually decided to turn the job offer down because of the low salary.
work out
calculate / arrive at a decision
After a couple of hours they worked out that there was something wrong with the printer.

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